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Bad Credit Car Loans in Dartmouth

Bad Credit Car Loans in Dartmouth

Bad credit car loans are a common need across Canada, with 1 in 4 Canadians having a credit score less than 600 according to Equifax. This could be from late payments, defaults, or other negative items. For residents in Dartmouth, NS specifically, bad credit can make it extremely difficult to get approved for an auto loan from a standard lender. Without reliable transportation, your ability to get to work or run essential errands is severely limited in a spread out region like Nova Scotia. That’s why specialty finance companies and flexible dealerships in the area provide bad credit car loans to customers with less than perfect credit histories.

 

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What is Bad Credit?

Bad credit refers to low credit scores that fall below the range generally considered good or excellent credit. Specifically, credit scores below 600 are usually classified as bad credit.

Credit scores range from 300 to 850 and are calculated based on your credit history, including payment history, amounts owed, length of credit history, types of credit used, and new credit inquiries. The most commonly used credit score model is the FICO score.

Lenders consider credit scores below 600 indicative of high credit risk. People with bad credit tend to have a history of late payments, defaults, foreclosures, bankruptcies, collections, and other negative items on their credit reports.

As a result, those with bad credit have a more difficult time qualifying for loans and credit cards. When they do qualify, it is usually at much higher interest rates compared to those with good credit.

 

Why Bad Credit Happens

There are many potential reasons why someone may end up with bad credit. Some of the most common causes include:

 

Job Loss

Losing your job can quickly wreak havoc on your finances if you don’t have adequate savings set aside. The loss of steady income makes it difficult to keep up with bills and credit payments, which can cause accounts to become delinquent and negatively impact your credit score.

 

Medical Emergency

A major unexpected medical situation like an accident, illness, or hospitalization can be extremely expensive, even with insurance. High medical bills that you can’t afford to pay will often get forwarded to collections, damaging your credit.

 

Divorce

Going through a divorce is not only emotionally taxing, but can also negatively affect your finances and credit. Accounts and assets have to be divided, while monthly expenses like rent or mortgage payments often remain the same without the second income. This can stretch budgets thin for both parties.

 

Poor Money Management

Financial habits like overspending or taking on more debt than can be repaid will inevitably cause credit scores to suffer. Lack of budgeting, not saving adequately for emergencies, and irresponsible use of credit cards are all common money management mistakes that contribute to bad credit.

 

Challenges of Getting a Car Loan with Bad Credit

Getting approved for a car loan with bad credit can be challenging. Here are some of the main difficulties you may face:

 

Higher Interest Rates

Lenders view borrowers with lower credit scores as riskier, so they will charge higher interest rates to offset that risk. The worse your credit, the higher your interest rate will likely be. Rates for bad credit auto loans can be between 10-20% or even higher from some subprime lenders.

 

Larger Down Payments

Most lenders will require a larger down payment for bad credit borrowers, often 20% or more of the vehicle’s price. This provides them more security on the loan in case you default. Be prepared to make a substantial down payment to improve your chances of approval.

 

Difficulty Getting Approved

With bad credit, you may face difficulty even getting approved in the first place. Many prime lenders will automatically decline applicants below a certain credit score threshold. You’ll have better luck with subprime lenders specializing in bad credit or buy here pay here dealers, but approval is not guaranteed.

 

Benefits of Getting a Car Loan with Bad Credit

Though bad credit can make getting approved for a car loan more difficult, the benefits of obtaining one may outweigh the extra effort required. Here are some key benefits to securing an auto loan when you have less-than-perfect credit:

 

Improve Your Credit Score

One of the biggest advantages of getting a car loan with bad credit is that it offers you a way to rebuild your credit history. As long as you make your monthly payments on time, an auto loan can help raise your credit score over time.

 

Reliable Transportation for Work

Having a reliable vehicle allows you to commute to your workplace, arrive on time, and avoid disruptions in your ability to earn an income. This is especially important if public transportation options are limited in your area.

 

Sense of Independence

Owning a vehicle provides a sense of freedom and independence that you may not get from relying on others for rides or public transportation. Being able to get around on your own terms is invaluable.

 

How to Improve Your Chances of Getting Approved

If your credit score is on the lower end, there are some steps you can take to improve your chances of getting approved for a car loan:

 

Save for a Larger Down Payment

Putting down a larger down payment shows lenders you are financially committed. It also lowers the amount you need to finance and the monthly payments. Ideally you want to put down at least 10-20% if possible.

 

Get a Cosigner

Adding a cosigner with good credit will make your application stronger. The cosigner shares responsibility and their good credit can offset issues on your credit report.

 

Improve Your Credit Score

In the months leading up to your auto loan application, work on improving your credit score. Pay all bills on time, pay down debts, and resolve any errors on your credit report. Even modest improvements can help.

 

Gather Necessary Documentation

When applying for a bad credit car loan, having all your documentation in order will demonstrate to lenders that you are organized and financially responsible. Lenders will want to verify your income, residence, insurance coverage and references.

To prove your income, have recent pay stubs, bank statements, tax returns, or other documentation ready. Many lenders will want to see at least one month’s worth of pay stubs.

For proof of residence, provide a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, or cable bill with your name and address on it. Your driver’s license may also suffice.

You’ll need to show proof of insurance by providing your auto insurance card or certificate. Some lenders may require you to add them as an “additional insured” party. Make sure to ask about specific insurance requirements.

As for references, have contact information ready for people who can vouch for your character, such as employers, landlords, or long-time acquaintances. Personal references can help strengthen your loan application.

Having all documentation ready demonstrates responsibility and will help expedite the loan review process. Be sure to consult with lenders on any other specific documents they may require.

 

Compare Lenders and Interest Rates

When shopping for a bad credit auto loan, it’s important to compare multiple lenders and interest rates. Some options to consider include:

 

Credit Unions

Credit unions offer lower rates than banks and are more lenient towards borrowers with poor credit. They are non-profit and member-focused, which allows them to offer better terms. Compare interest rates from several credit unions when shopping for an auto loan.

 

Banks

Major banks provide auto loans but generally have higher rates and stricter credit requirements than credit unions. However, they still may be an option if you have an existing banking relationship. Shop around to various banks to compare interest rates.

 

Subprime Lenders

Specialized subprime lenders cater to borrowers will poor credit by offering higher loan approval rates. However, their interest rates are typically much higher to offset the additional risk. Only use subprime lenders as a last resort if other options are unavailable.

 

Dealership Financing

Many auto dealerships work with lenders to offer financing options to customers with bad credit. This allows for one-stop car shopping and loan approval. However, dealership interest rates can be higher. Compare to outside lenders to ensure the best terms.

 

Beware of Predatory Lenders

Borrowers with bad credit scores tend to look for lenders that guarantee approval, often without fully understanding the terms and rates being offered. Unfortunately, these types of lenders are predatory and often charge very high interest rates or fees. Payday lenders, for example, may approve a loan more easily but charge interest rates ranging from 200-500%. Similarly, buy here pay here dealers focus on customers with poor credit and roll financing charges into the total cost of the vehicle.

When searching for a bad credit auto loan, the most important factors to look at are the annual percentage rate (APR) and fees charged. An APR over 10% is generally considered high for a car loan. Lenders may also charge origination fees or documentation fees. Avoid lenders who are vague about interest rates or try to distract you with a low monthly payment. Read the fine print to understand the total cost of financing over the full loan term.

A reputable lender will be transparent about rates and work within your budget, not make unrealistic promises. Taking the time to shop around and compare options will help identify any predatory lending terms. The right loan will help rebuild your credit, not sink you further into debt.

 

New vs Used Cars for Bad Credit

When shopping for a car with bad credit, one of the key decisions you’ll need to make is whether to purchase a new or used vehicle. There are pros and cons to each option that are important to weigh carefully.

 

New Cars

The main benefits of buying new with bad credit are:

 

  • You get the latest model with the newest features and technology
  • There is less maintenance and fewer repairs needed
  • You get the full factory warranty which provides peace of mind
  • Buying new builds positive credit history

 

However, there are some downsides to be aware of:

 

  • New cars depreciate quickly, so you may end up owing more than it’s worth
  • Higher sales tax and registration fees
  • Generally higher interest rates than used cars
  • Higher monthly payments and down payments

 

Used Cars

Opting for a used car with bad credit has advantages like:

 

  • Lower sticker price means lower monthly payments
  • Depreciation has already occurred so it may hold value better
  • Lower sales tax and registration fees
  • Potentially lower interest rates

 

However, there are also disadvantages such as:

 

  • The vehicle’s history and condition are uncertain
  • More frequent repairs and maintenance costs
  • May not have modern tech features
  • Shorter loan terms available
  • Does not build positive credit history like new cars

 

Overall, used cars tend to be the more affordable option for bad credit buyers. However, be sure to inspect thoroughly, research values, and compare all financing terms carefully to find the best option for your situation.

 

Calculate Affordable Monthly Payment

When applying for a car loan, it’s crucial to calculate the maximum monthly payment you can realistically afford based on your income, expenses, loan terms, and down payment. This will help ensure you only get approved for a loan you have the means to repay responsibly.

First, look at your monthly take-home income after taxes and deductions. List your total monthly expenses like rent, utilities, insurance, debts, etc. The difference between your income and expenses is the maximum you can put towards a monthly car payment.

Next, factor in variables like the loan amount, interest rate, and repayment term. For example, a $15,000 loan at 6% interest over 5 years would equal about $290 per month. With a $3,000 down payment, the monthly payment would decrease to around $245.

Aim to keep your monthly payment under 10-15% of take-home income as a general rule. If the payment is too high based on your budget, consider options like a lower price vehicle, longer loan term, or larger down payment to reduce the monthly cost.

Having a firm grasp on the monthly amount you can realistically dedicate towards a car loan payment will give you a major advantage when shopping lenders to find the best possible terms and interest rate for your situation.

 

Decide on an Optimal Loan Term

When applying for a bad credit car loan in Dartmouth, NS, one important decision is choosing the loan term that works best for your financial situation. The loan term is the length of time you have to repay the loan, typically 24 to 84 months.

Shorter loan terms, like 24 to 36 months, mean you will have higher monthly payments. However, you pay less interest over the life of the loan. Longer terms of 60 to 84 months have lower monthly payments but more interest paid over time.

With bad credit, lenders may only approve shorter terms to reduce their risk. But longer terms can help get monthly payments down to an affordable amount. You need to balance the trade-offs and choose a term length you can manage each month.

Aim for the shortest term you can afford. Paying off the loan faster saves money on interest and builds your credit back up.

Just make sure the monthly payment fits within your budget. Use an auto loan calculator to estimate different payment options. Then decide on the optimal loan term length for your situation.

 

Make a Large Down Payment If Possible

Making a sizable down payment is one of the best ways to increase your chances of getting approved for a car loan with bad credit in Dartmouth, NS. Putting down 20% or more lowers the loan amount, which makes lenders more willing to approve the loan. A larger down payment signals to the lender that you are committed to the purchase and able to manage your finances responsibly.

In addition to making approval more likely, a larger down payment can help you secure a lower interest rate, which saves substantially on finance charges over the life of the loan. Even an extra few percentage points on your rate can add up to thousands of dollars in savings.

Come up with the largest down payment you can afford, even if it’s 10% or 15% rather than 20%. Ask friends or family for help if needed. While no down payment options exist, you will pay higher rates and have fewer chances for approval. Putting money down gives lenders confidence in your ability to manage payments long-term.

 

Consider a Cosigner If Needed

If your credit is very poor, lenders may require you to have a cosigner for your auto loan in order to get approved. A cosigner is someone who agrees to be liable for repaying the loan if you default. This gives the lender more confidence in approving the loan.

However, choosing a cosigner is an important decision that should not be taken lightly. The cosigner’s credit will also be impacted if you are unable to make payments. Make sure to choose someone you trust and who understands the responsibility they are taking on. Discuss the details openly and have a clear plan for making payments so you don’t put your cosigner in a difficult situation.

A cosigner with excellent credit can help you qualify and get better terms on your loan. But it’s critical to uphold your end of the agreement and make payments on time. Defaulting on the loan can negatively impact not just your credit, but your relationship with the cosigner. If you’re struggling to make payments, communicate with the cosigner and lender right away to work out alternative arrangements.

While a cosigner can help you get approved, think carefully, choose wisely, and make every effort to manage the loan responsibly on your own if you decide to go this route when applying for an auto loan.

 

Shop Around to Multiple Lenders

One of the best ways to secure the most favorable loan terms when you have bad credit is to shop around and compare offers from multiple lenders. By getting pre-approved with several different banks, credit unions and even dealerships, you can then negotiate for the best interest rates and repayment terms.

It’s recommended to get pre-approved by at least 3-5 lenders when financing a car with bad credit. This allows you to compare the APRs, loan lengths, down payment requirements and other variables side-by-side. With multiple offers in hand, you can use that as leverage to negotiate each lender down and secure the most competitive financing.

Be sure to compare both traditional banks and credit unions as well as special financing offers from dealers. Dealers often work with subprime lenders and can extend financing to those with credit challenges. Having a pre-approval from the dealer can give you added bargaining power on negotiating the vehicle price as well.

The more personalized loan offers you have to choose from, the better chance you have of securing favourable interest rates and repayment terms when financing a car with less-than-perfect credit. So be sure to spend time shopping around and getting pre-approved before settling on a loan.

 

Consider Dealer Financing

Dealership financing can be an option for those with bad credit to secure a car loan. While dealers will often work with lower credit scores that banks shy away from, the interest rates are usually higher than traditional financing.

The advantage of dealer financing is that the dealership has a vested interest in getting you approved so they can make a sale. They may be able to offer incentives or discounts to help drive the purchase. Dealers also have access to subprime lenders that specialize in higher risk loans.

It’s important to still compare interest rates offered through the dealer financing to other outside financing options. Dealers make money on financing, so you’ll typically pay a premium for the convenience. But for some with poor credit, dealer financing may be the most viable way to get approved and back on the road.

 

Maintain Good Payment History

After getting approved for a bad credit car loan and purchasing a vehicle, it’s crucial to maintain a good payment history. This is key to improving your credit score over time. Be sure to make at least the minimum payment on or before the due date every single month. Setting up autopay through your lender is a great way to avoid missed or late payments.

Late payments will be reported to the credit bureaus and can further damage your credit. Defaulting on the loan or having your vehicle repossessed due to non-payment will also devastate your credit score. Stick to the payment schedule and pay on time so you can eventually refinance the loan at a lower interest rate.

As you make consistent on-time payments, you’ll notice your credit score improving month by month. Within 6-12 months you should see a significant boost. After 1-2 years of perfect payment history, you can probably qualify for a regular loan on your next vehicle purchase.

Getting a car loan with bad credit takes some extra effort, but diligently making on-time payments will get you back on track. Maintain your payment schedule and be patient – your credit score will recover over time.

 

Refinancing Your Car Loan

After taking out a car loan, your financial situation or credit score may improve, allowing you to refinance your loan at a lower interest rate. If your credit score increases by 100 points or more, you stand to save a significant amount by refinancing. Your new credit score needs to be higher than when you were first approved, usually at least 680. Refinancing typically makes the most sense if you can lower your interest rate by at least 2%. Speak to your lender about your refinancing options. You’ll go through another credit check and application process and may need to pay a small origination fee. By refinancing to a lower rate, you can potentially save thousands of dollars in interest charges over the life of your car loan. Just make sure the monthly payments still fit comfortably within your budget.

 

Conclusion

In summary, getting approved for a car loan with bad credit in Dartmouth, NS is achievable despite the challenges. The most important factors are having a steady income, submitting all required documentation, calculating an affordable monthly payment, making a sizeable down payment, maintaining good payment history, and shopping around to find the best rates and terms.

By following the tips outlined in this article, you can improve your chances of getting financed and finding a lender willing to work with your credit situation. With some perseverance and the right preparation, a bad credit history does not have to be a roadblock to purchasing a quality used or new car.

Finally, be sure to check your credit report and score frequently. As you demonstrate financial responsibility and make consistent on-time payments, your score will rise over time. A higher credit score will open up better interest rates and more financing options. So even if you have to start with a bad credit auto loan, you can work towards refinancing in the future.

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Dartmouth Bad Credit Car Loan Questions

 

Yes, you can get approved for a car loan in Dartmouth even with bad credit. Lenders like Maritime Car Loan, 902 Auto Sales, Auto Loan Nova Scotia, and O’Regan’s Greenlight Used Cars specialize in bad credit auto loans. They work with national banks and local credit unions to secure financing for borrowers with low credit scores. Be prepared to provide proof of income and make a larger down payment. Interest rates may be higher with bad credit, but flexible terms and approvals are possible.

In Dartmouth, a credit score below 620 is generally considered bad or poor credit by most lenders. Scores in the 300-579 range would be very difficult to get approved. For scores in the 580-619 range, approval is possible but interest rates will likely be quite high, over 10% in most cases. Bringing in a co-signer with good credit or making a large down payment can help offset a bad score.

The main documents you’ll need when applying for a car loan with bad credit in Nova Scotia are:

 

– Valid government-issued photo ID

– Proof of income – recent pay stubs, tax returns, bank statements

– Proof of address – utility bill, bank statement, rental agreement

– Down payment funds – bank statement showing available cash

– List of references – landlords, employers, etc.

 

Having these documents ready along with accurate details on income, expenses and debts will help show lenders you can manage this auto loan responsibility.

Most lenders in Dartmouth require a minimum credit score between 600-650 to get approved for an auto loan without a co-signer. Scores below 600 will often require a co-applicant with better credit to guarantee the loan. Shop around among subprime lenders and those specializing in bankruptcy/consumer proposals to find the best rates and terms based on your specific credit profile. Bringing a large down payment can also offset lower scores.

Most lenders in Nova Scotia require a minimum credit score between 600-650 to get approved for an auto loan without a co-signer. Scores below 600 will often require a co-applicant with better credit to guarantee the loan. Shop around among subprime lenders and those specializing in bankruptcy/consumer proposals to find the best rates and terms based on your specific credit profile. Bringing a large down payment can also offset lower scores.

With bad credit below 600, you typically need a minimum down payment of 20-30% of the vehicle purchase price to get approved for a car loan from most lenders. Some subprime lenders may approve deals with 10-15% down and higher interest rates. The larger down payment you can afford, the better rates and loan terms you can qualify for with challenged credit.

With bad credit below 600, you can expect higher interest rates between 8-25% at most lenders when financing a used car purchase in Dartmouth. New car loans tend to have lower rates even with bad credit – often between 4-15%. Bringing a cosigner with good credit can lower your rate. Shop among credit unions and specialized subprime lenders to find the most competitive rate for your situation.

 

Yes, not having any auto loan history can make it more challenging to get approved, especially if you also have bad credit. To offset this, make sure you have a strong employment history, get references from landlords/employers, have proof of regular income, and ideally bring a large down payment of 25-30% or higher. This demonstrates responsibility even without prior auto loans on your credit report.

Yes – there are lenders that specialize in loans for those recently discharged from bankruptcy or currently in an active consumer proposal. The key is re-establishing 12 months of positive payment history and showing you have the income to afford an auto loan payment. Be prepared for higher rates and focus on rebuilding your credit over the loan term.

Most bad credit auto loans in Dartmouth range from 36-84 month repayment terms. Longer terms up to 84 months help lower the monthly payment on pricier used car purchases but increase the interest paid over time. Avoid ultra long 96-month loans as you may end up “upside down” owing more than it’s worth halfway through repayment.

Yes, many Dartmouth lenders like Auto Loan Nova Scotia and Steele Advantage Financing let you get pre-qualified or pre-approved online by submitting details on your credit, income, expenses, down payment etc. This gives you an indication of loan amount, rate and terms you can expect without a hard credit check. Final approval is still contingent on verifying details.

When shopping for the lowest auto loan rates with multiple lenders, you can expect quite a few inquiries on your credit bureau from credit checks. However, the major bureaus allow rate shopping within a focused window of time to only count as a single inquiry. So shop aggressively within a 2-week period to minimize score impact.

Tips to improve your chances of getting approved include having a large down payment, finding a co-signer with better credit, providing proof of steady employment/income, keeping other debt burdens low, including references from landlords/employers, and shopping with lenders specializing in bad credit situations like consumer proposals or bankruptcies if applicable.

The monthly loan payment includes principal repayment and interest charges plus any applicable taxes. It does not include operating costs like fuel, maintenance, or insurance. Make sure to budget for gas, repairs, tires, oil changes and insurance to get a complete picture of the total monthly costs of car ownership.

 

A good guideline is keeping your total vehicle costs including loan payments, gas, insurance and maintenance below 20% of your gross monthly income. With challenged credit, it’s smart to keep costs on the lower side. Avoid stretching your budget too thin or it may impact ability to repay and hurt your credit.

Focus your search on 2-5 year old used vehicles, which offer the best value. Brand new cars depreciate quickly so you can end up “upside down” on the loan owing more than it’s worth. Well-maintained used vehicles still have modern features without taking the huge depreciation hit of brand new.

Watch out for admin fees, documentation fees, loan origination fees and extended warranty upsells which all add to the total cost. Get full disclosure on the interest rate being charged including any rate premiums for bad credit. Avoid ultra long loan terms which increase total interest costs.

Yes, many lenders offer options to refinance your auto loan at lower rates once you establish a solid payment history and your score improves. Just a 50-100 point bump can save 1-3% APR over the loan repayment term. Pay on-time and pay down balances to see your score quickly improve.

There is typically no charge to submit an application to refinance your existing car loan at a lower interest rate. If approved, refinancing costs would include title transfer fees, tax on outstanding loan balance, and potentially disposition fees from the original lender. These costs usually range from $100-250 in total.

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